Roche was one of the first multinationals to fund Phelophepa after it was founded by Transnet in 1994. The initial concept pioneered by Professor Jannie Ferreira at the University of Johannesburg, was a modest three-coach eye clinic built from redundant rolling stock. The coach housing the train’s health clinic was renamed the “Roche Health Clinic” in 2001 and in 2003 Roche substantially increased its support for Phelophepa. A year later, the service was improved to include cancer screening, including pap smears for cervical cancer, breast examinations and PSA testing for prostate cancer. In 2009 Roche funded oncology training for three nursing professionals who are now responsible for educating patients on the signs, symptoms and importance of early detection of cancer.